The Center for Satellite Applications and Research
(STAR) is the science arm of the NOAA Satellite and Information Service
(NESDIS), which acquires and manages the nation's operational Earth-observing
satellites. STAR's mission is to accelerate the transfer of
satellite observations of land, atmosphere, ocean, and climate from
scientific research and development into routine operations, enabling NOAA
to offer state-of-the-art data, products, and services to decision-makers.
Historic Coral Bleaching Threatens the Great Barrier Reef
21 April 2016 - A new study by Australia’s James Cook University, University of Queensland and NOAA’s Coral Reef Watch found that Great Barrier Reef corals were able to survive past bleaching because they were exposed to an early season pulse of warm waters. However, this protective pattern is likely to be lost in coming years. Using 27 years of NOAA satellite sea surface temperature data and innovative genomic analyses, they showed that this early pulse of warming turned on genes that protect the coral. Unfortunately, global warming is likely to eliminate this “practice run” making bleaching worse in coming decades. Read more in Science.
Tropical Cyclone Fantala
20 April 2016 - Tropical Cyclone Fantala achieved a category 5 intensity of 150 knots (172 mph) on 17 April as it passed north of the island of Madagascar in the southwestern Indian Ocean. These daytime Infrared and Visible images from the VIIRS 375-m I-bands show a very well-organized storm with a warm eye, symmetric cold central dense overcast, and evidence for mesovortices in the low-level clouds inside the eye. As of 4/20, Fantala is reported to be the most powerful tropical storm on record for the Indian Ocean. Click image to enlarge - image courtesy of STAR's Dan Lindsey, CoRP / RAMMB and Don Hillger.
STAR Bronze Medalists
29 March 2016 - The Bronze Medal is the highest honor award granted by the NOAA and recognizes superior performance by federal employees. Among this year’s winners were STAR's Shobha Kondragunta, Istvan Laszlo, and Thomas M. Smith. Kondragunta and Laszlo were honored "for enhancing the accuracy of Suomi NPP VIIRS aerosol products and ensuring that products reach the operational user community with reduced latency." Thomas M. Smith's team was honored "For innovations in climate science, providing the authoritative source of sea surface temperature data for global climate monitoring and assessment."
Mike Pavolonis Honored by American Astronautical Society
9 March 2016 - Mike Pavolonis (CoRP / ASPB) received the distinguished 2015 Earth Science and Applications Award from the American Astronautical Society today in Greenbelt, MD. He joins an eminent group of individuals such as James Lovell, Commander of Apollo 13 who was honored by AAS today at the 54th Robert H. Goddard Memorial Symposium. Mike's award recognizes him "For developing cutting-edge methods to convert satellite data into actionable information for mitigating hazards caused by volcanic eruptions and severe convection". Please join us in congratulating Mike for this honor and his excellent work.
Yong Han Honored with Administrator's Award
8 December 2015 - On a November 17th ceremony at the NOAA Auditorium, STAR's Yong Han received the NOAA Administrator's Award in recognition of his outstanding efforts "developing state-of-the-art processing, calibration, and monitoring of Cross-track Infrared Souder full spectral resolution data for weather and climate applications".
STAR Scientists and the NASA IceBridge Mission:
Underflying Sentinel-3A's Track for Cal/Val
21 April 2016 - The NOAA Hurricane Hunter "Miss
Piggy" and the NASA Operation IceBridge team arrived on site at Thule Air
Base, Greenland on Monday 4-18, and quickly departed for the first science
mission of the season Tuesday morning, 19 April 2016. Using a suite of
remote sensing instrumentation, the aircraft surveyed shore-fast ice at
Ellesmere Island, Canada. NOAA/STAR and CICS scientists are participating
in the NASA Operation IceBridge Spring 2016 mission, including today's attempt
to underfly the Sentinel-3A satellite, a cal/val flight which the NOAA-LSA team proposed. read more.
Latest STAR Publications
Updated: Thu, 21 Apr 2016
- Climate change disables coral bleaching protection on the Great Barrier Reef
- Ainsworth TD, Heron SF, Ortiz JC, Mumby PJ, Grech A, Ogawa D, Eakin CM and Leggat W
- Science 352(6283):338-342.
- Apr 2016
- Interannual Variability in Baseline Ozone and Its Relationship to Surface Ozone in the Western US
- Baylon PM, Jaffe DA, Pierce RB and Gustin MS
- Environmental Science & Technology 50(6):2994-3001.
- Mar 15 2016
- Modeling Land Surface Roughness Effect on Soil Microwave Emission in Community Surface Emissivity Model
- Chen M and Weng F
- IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 54(3):1716-1726.
- Mar 2016
- An inter-comparison of soil moisture data products from satellite remote sensing and a land surface model
- Fang L, Hain CR, Zhan X and Anderson MC
- International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 48:37-50.
- Jun 2016
- Using Routinely Available Information to Estimate Tropical Cyclone Wind Structure
- Knaff JA, Slocum CJ, Musgrave KD, Sampson CR and Strahl BR
- Monthly Weather Review 144(4):1233-1247.
- Apr 2016
- Modelling and prediction of crop losses from NOAA polar-orbiting operational satellites
- Kogan F, Guo W, Strashnaia A, Kleshenko A, Chub O and Virchenko O
- Geomatics Natural Hazards & Risk 7(3):886-900.
- May 3 2016
- Use of Geostationary Super Rapid Scan Satellite Imagery by the Storm Prediction Center
- Line WE, Schmit TJ, Lindsey DT and Goodman SJ
- Weather and Forecasting 31(2):483-494.
- Apr 2016
View all of STAR's latest research articles.